Indian Constitution Day: The 71th Constitution Day will be celebrated all over India today. Constitution Day is also known as ‘National Law Day’. The Constitution of India came into force on 26 November 1949. This was a very important day after independence. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar is known as the architect of the Indian Constitution. Here are some important things to know on the occasion of Constitution Day :
Constitution Day of India is celebrated on 26th November every year. India adopted its Constitution on 26 November 1949 and it came into force on 26 January 1950. That day is therefore known as Republic Day. On 19 November 2015, the Government of India issued a pamphlet declaring 26 November as Constitution Day. In 2015, Dr. It was the 125th birth anniversary of Babasaheb Ambedkar. This day was also known as Law Day. On this occasion, it was announced to celebrate Constitution Day from 2015.
November 26, Constitution Day, is one of the most important days in the history of India. With the end of British rule in India, a new India emerged. It took a total of 2 years 11 months and 18 days to draft and implement the Constitution of India. India gained independence from British rule in 1947. However, it took 2 years to establish the Indian Constitution. Although Constitution Day is not a public holiday, it is celebrated in government offices.
Similarly, various quizzes and competitions related to the Constitution are organized in schools and colleges to celebrate the Constitution Day. Meanwhile, this year, schools and colleges have not started as before in the wake of the Kovid-19 crisis. So even if there is no celebration this year, you can definitely take a step towards becoming a conscious citizen by learning more about the Constitution.
The Constitution is the foundation of every country and it sets out the rights and duties of the citizens of the country. The real celebration of Constitution Day is to make people more aware of their rights and duties by getting more knowledge about the Constitution on the occasion of Constitution Day.
Here are some important facts that we need to know about our Constitution:
1. The Constitution of India was drafted between December 1946 and December 1949 – the most challenging period. This was the time when religious riots, caste wars, and entrenched gender inequality were threatening the social fabric of the country.
2. Constitution of India lays down the framework defining fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles and the duties of citizens.
3. It was drafted by the Constituent Assembly, which was elected by the elected members of the provincial assemblies. The 389 member Constituent Assembly took two years, eleven months and seventeen days to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India. During this period, it held eleven sessions covering a total of 165 days. Of these, 114 days were spent on the consideration of the Draft Constitution. On August 29, 1947, the Constituent Assembly set up a Drafting Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. B R Ambedkar to prepare a Draft Constitution for India.
4. It was neither printed or typed. It was handwritten and calligraphed in both Hindi and English.
5. Since the Indian Constitution came into the act, the females in India got the right to vote.
6. It is also known as ‘bag of borrowings’ as it has borrowed several ideas from other countries.