History of 12th August
History of 12th August

The East India Company came to India with business intentions, but the mutual fighting and disintegration of the princely states here fueled its political ambition. The company signed a treaty with the Mughal emperor Shah Alam II on 12 August 1765, called the Treaty of Allahabad. It is recorded in history that through this treaty the East India Company got the opportunity to interfere in the political and constitutional system of the country and from here it laid the foundation of British rule in India. In fact, through this treaty, Shah Alam gave the company the rights to collect taxes on behalf of the emperor in the eastern province of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa and after that the company did not take long to spread its imperial wings.

A series of other important events recorded on the date of 12 August in the history of the country are as follows: –

1602: Abul Fazl, a minister in the court of Mughal emperor Akbar, was slaughtered at the behest of Salim Mirza. Salim later took over the Mughal Sultanate by the name of Jahangir.
1765: Beginning of the British East India Company’s rule in India under the Allahabad Treaty.
1831: Peace agreement between Netherlands and Belgium.
1833: Establishment of Chicago city of America.
1908: Henry Ford’s car company created the first car model.
1914: Britain declares an attack on Austria-Hungary during World War I.
1919: Birth of Vikram Sarabhai, father of Indian space program and Indian physicist.
1953: 435 people killed by an earthquake in the Lonian island of Greece.
1960: NASA launches its first successful communication satellite, Eco-A.
1971: Syria breaks diplomatic relations with Jordan.
1981: IBM introduced its first personal computer, priced at 16 thousand dollars.
1992: Free Trade Agreement in North America countries America, Canada and Mexico.
2006: European launch vehicle Ariane-5 successfully orbits Japan’s communications satellite and a French military device.

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