International Anti Corruption Day
International Anti Corruption Day 2020

International Anti Corruption Day

International Anti Corruption Day 2020: Corruption is one of the most complex social, political and economic events that have affected all countries of the world. People all over the world celebrate International Anti Corruption Day on 9 December to spread awareness against corruption.

History of International Anti Corruption Day

The history of International Anti-Corruption Day begins on 31 October 2003, when the General Assembly adopted the United Nations Convention against Corruption. Since then the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) was designated as the Secretariat for the Conference of the States Parties (Resolution 58/4). The United Nations General Assembly then designated December 9 as Anti-Corruption Day, while the conference came into force in December 2005. The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the entire global community (UNODC) are key leaders in creating awareness about anti-corruption practices.

Importance of International Anti-Corruption Day

The importance of International Anti-Corruption Day is to advocate about malpractices globally and tell how and why one should avoid it. This day also plays an important role in anti-corruption groups, who spread awareness about this misconduct and share the means and ways to prevent corruption at their workplace. To save the foundations of democratic institutions, there is a need to prevent corruption from deepening its roots as corruption distorts the electoral processes by bending the rule of law. Corruption also affects the economic development of the country in many ways.

See other Important Days and Dates In December 2020: National And International

According to UN statistics, every year $ 1 trillion is being paid as bribe, while USD 2.6 trillion has been stolen due to corrupt measures. According to the United Nations Development Program, it is estimated that 10 times the amount of money lost in developing countries due to corruption, the funds would otherwise be used in their official developmental assistance.

International Anti-Corruption Day Theme

The theme of International Anti-Corruption Day is ‘United Against Corruption’ which focuses on corruption as one of the biggest obstacles to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It will continue to support the 2030 agenda, which is the backbone of the campaign, not only this campaign will also have a youth component. Mobilizing and empowering the youth for justice is the key to ensuring a permanent solution to fight corruption.

The theme of International Anti-Corruption Day 2020 is United Against Corruption. It is believed that corruption is one of life’s biggest obstacles to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. The 2020 theme will continue to support the agenda for the next decade, which targets more youth in its campaign. It is expected that by the next decade more and more youth will be empowered to fight against corruption in a sustainable manner.

What is corruption and examples?

Corruption is dishonest behavior by those in positions of power, such as managers or government officials. Corruption can include giving or accepting bribes or inappropriate gifts, double-dealing, under-the-table transactions, manipulating elections, diverting funds, laundering money, and defrauding investors.

How can we identify corruption?

Detection auditing and reporting
  1. Audits: traditional and blockchain. An important method used to detect corruption in both public and private sector organizations is the auditing process.
  2. Self-reporting.
  3. Citizen reporting.
  4. Journalism and media reporting.
  5. Whistle-blowing.
  6. Whistle-blowing versus leaking.

What are the causes and effects of corruption?

Among the most common causes of corruption are the political and economic environment, professional ethics and morality and, of course, habits, customs, tradition and demography. Corruption thus inhibits economic growth and affects business operations, employment and investments.

What is the reason for corruption?

According to a 2017 survey study, the following factors have been attributed as causes of corruption: Greed of money, desires. Higher levels of market and political monopolization. Low levels of democracy, weak civil participation and low political transparency.

What are the types of corruption?

Forms of corruption vary, but can include bribery, extortion, cronyism, nepotism, parochialism, patronage, influence peddling, graft, and embezzlement. Corruption may facilitate criminal enterprise such as drug trafficking, money laundering, and human trafficking, though it is not restricted to these activities.

What are the anti corruption laws in India?

Public servants in India can be penalized for corruption under the Indian Penal Code, 1860 and the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. The Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act, 1988 prohibits Benami transactions.

How does corruption affect our country?

Corruption hurts everyone. Corruption erodes the trust we have in the public sector to act in our best interests. It also wastes our taxes or rates that have been earmarked for important community projects – meaning we have to put up with poor quality services or infrastructure, or we miss out altogether.

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