International Literacy Day 2020: Know about the 17 Sustainable Development Goals
What is sustainable development?
- Sustainable development has been specified as development that meets the requirements of today without compromising the ability of future generations to fulfill their own requirements.
- Sustainable development requires concerted efforts towards building an inclusive, sustainable and durable future for individuals and world.
- For sustainable development to be achieved, it is crucial to harmonize three core components: economic development, social inclusion and environmental protection. These aspects are interconnected and all are important for the wellness of individuals and societies.
- Eliminating poverty in all its dimensions and forms is an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. To this end, there need to be promotion of sustainable, inclusive and fair economic development, creating higher opportunities for all, reducing inequalities, raising basic standard of lives, fostering equitable social development and inclusion, and promoting incorporated and sustainable management of natural resources and environments.
The Sustainable Development Goals are the plan to accomplish a better and more sustainable future for all. They deal with the worldwide difficulties we deal with, consisting of those related to poverty, inequality, environment change, environmental deterioration, peace and justice. The 17 Goals are all linked, and in order to leave no one behind, it is very important that we achieve them all by 2030.
Decade of Activity to provide the Global Goals
In September 2019, the UN Secretary-General called on all sectors of society to set in motion for a decade of action on three levels: global action to secure greater leadership, more resources and smarter solutions for the Sustainable Development Goals; regional action embedding the required transitions in the policies, budgets, institutions and regulative frameworks of federal governments, cities and regional authorities; and people action, consisting of by youth, civil society, the media, the private sector, unions, academia and other stakeholders, to create an unstoppable movement pushing for the required transformations.
The COVID-19 pandemic and its effect on all 17 SDGs has actually revealed that what began as a health crisis has rapidly end up being a human and socio-economic crisis. While the crisis is imperiling progress in the direction of the SDGs, it likewise makes their achievement all the more necessary and urgent. It is essential that current gains are secured as much as possible. A transformative recovery from COVID- 19 should be pursued, one that deals with the crisis, minimizes risks from coming future possible crises and relaunched the execution efforts to deliver the 2030 Agenda and SDGs during the Decade of Action.
List of 17 Sustainable Development Goals
GOAL 1: No Poverty
GOAL 2: Zero Hunger
GOAL 3: Good Health and Well-being
GOAL 4: Quality Education
GOAL 5: Gender Equality
GOAL 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
GOAL 7: Affordable and Clean Energy
GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth
GOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
GOAL 10: Reduced Inequality
GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities
GOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
GOAL 13: Climate Action
GOAL 14: Life Below Water
GOAL 15: Life on Land
GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
GOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal