While many people want an injection as soon as possible, others are worried about putting something unknown into their bodies. Safety trials begin in the lab, with tests and research on cells and animals, before proceeding to human studies.
The principle is to start small and only move to the next phase of testing if there are no exceptional safety concerns.
What’s in the Covid vaccines?
Pfizer/BioNTech’s vaccine (and Moderna’s) uses little bits of genetic code to trigger an immune response, and is called an mRNA vaccine.
It does not changes in human cells, but merely presents the body with instructions to develop immunity to Covid.
The Oxford AstraZeneca vaccine uses a harmless virus altered to look a lot more like the pandemic virus.
Vaccines sometimes contain other ingredients, like aluminium, that make the vaccine stable or more effective.
Will a vaccine make me ill?
There is no proof that any of these ingredients cause damage when used in such small amounts.
Vaccines do not give you a disease. Instead, they teach your body’s immune system to recognise and fight the infection they have been designed to protect against.
Some people do suffer minor symptoms after being vaccinated, such as muscle aches or a raised temperature.
This is not the disease itself, but the body’s response to the vaccine.
What are the benefits of getting COVID-19 vaccine?
COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease 2019) cause many medical issues and lead to death in such cases. There is no other way to know how COVID-19 will affect you. If you get COVID-19, you might spread the disease to your family, friends and others around you.
Getting a Coronavirus vaccine can help protect you by developing an antibody response in your body without your having to become sick with COVID-19.
A COVID-19 vaccine might prevent you from getting COVID-19. Or, if you get COVID-19, the vaccine might keep you from becoming seriously ill or from getting serious complications.
Getting vaccinated also might help protect people around you from COVID-19, particularly people at increased risk of severe illness from COVID-19.
What are the possible side effects of COVID-19 vaccine?
A COVID-19 vaccine can cause minor side effects, consisting of:
- Pain, redness or swelling where the shot was given
- Muscle pain
- Joint pain
The majority of reactions occur with the first couple of days after vaccination and last approximately 3 days. If you experience side effects after getting a COVID-19 vaccine, it doesn’t indicate that you have COVID-19. Take some time to rest and recover. If you get a fever, stay at home. It’s not necessary to get a COVID-19 test or quarantine.
If you have a reaction that prevents you from being able to eat, sleep or work, contact your doctor. Contact your doctor if you have a reaction that lasts longer than 3 days.
Signs of an allergic reaction include hives, swelling of the face and throat, trouble breathing, a quick heartbeat, dizziness, and weakness. If you have any of these signs, seek care promptly.
When Covid 19 vaccine will come in market?
When Covid 19 vaccine available in India?