Mother Teresa was born Anjezë Gonxha Bojaxhiu in Skopje, Macedonia, on August 27, 1910. At the time of her birth Skopje lay within the Ottoman Empire, a large empire controlled by the Turks in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. She was the youngest child of Nikola and Dranafile Bojaxhiu. When Agnes was 9 years old, her delighted, comfortable, close-knit domesticity was distressed when her daddy passed away. She went to public school in Skopje, and first showed spiritual interests as a member of a school society that concentrated on foreign missions (groups that take a trip to foreign nations to spread their faiths). By the age of twelve she felt she had a contacting us to assist the poor.
This calling took sharper focus through Mother Teresa’s teenage years, when she was particularly influenced by reports of work being performed in India by Yugoslav Jesuit missionaries serving in Bengal, India. When she was eighteen, Mother Teresa left house to sign up with a community of Irish nuns, the Sister of Loretto, who had a mission in Calcutta, India. She got training in Dublin, Ireland, and in Darjeeling, India, taking her first religious pledges in 1928 and her final religious pledges in 1937.
One of Mother Teresa’s first tasks was to teach, and eventually to function as primary, in a ladies’ high school in Calcutta. Although the school was close to the slums (awfully bad sections), the trainees were generally wealthy. In 1946 Mother Teresa experienced what she called a second vocation or “call within a call.” She felt an inner advising to leave the convent life (life of a nun) and work straight with the poor. In 1948 the Vatican (house of the pope in Vatican City, Italy) gave her authorization to leave the Sisters of Loretto and to start a new work under the guidance of the Archbishop of Calcutta.
Establishing the Missionaries of Charity
To prepare to deal with the bad, Mother Teresa took an intensive medical training with the American Medical Missionary Sisters in Patna, India. Her very first venture in Calcutta was to gather unschooled children from the shanty towns and begin to teach them. She quickly drew in both financial support and volunteers. In 1950 her charity group, now called the Missionaries of Charity, received official status as a religious community within the Archdiocese of Calcutta. Members took the conventional swears of hardship, chastity (purity), and obedience, but they added a fourth vow– to give complimentary service to the most bad
The Missionaries of Charity received significant promotion, and Mother Teresa utilized it to benefit her work. In 1957 they began to work with lepers (those struggling with leprosy, an awful transmittable disease) and gradually broadened their instructional work, at one point running nine elementary schools in Calcutta. They likewise opened a home for orphans and abandoned kids. Before long they had a presence in more than twenty-two Indian cities. Mother Teresa likewise visited other countries such as Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), Australia, Tanzania, Venezuela, and Italy to start brand-new foundations.
Dedication to the poor.
Mother Teresa’s Charity group continued to expand throughout the 1970s, opening new objectives in places such as Amman, Jordan; London, England; and New York, New York City. She received both recognition and financial backing through such awards as the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize and a grant from the Joseph Kennedy Jr. Foundation. Benefactors, or those donating cash, regularly would get here to support works in progress or to motivate the Sisters to open brand-new endeavors.
By 1979 Mother Teresa’s groups had more than 2 hundred different operations in over twenty-five countries worldwide, with dozens more endeavors on the horizon. The very same year she was granted the Nobel Reward for Peace. In 1986 she persuaded President Fidel Castro (1926–) to enable an objective in Cuba. The characteristics of all of Mother Teresa’s works– shelters for the passing away, orphanages, and houses for the mentally ill– continued to be of service to the really poor.
In 1988 Mother Teresa sent her Missionaries of Charity into Russia and opened a home for gotten immune shortage syndrome (AIDS; an incurable disease that damages the immune system) clients in San Francisco, California. In 1991 she returned house to Albania and opened a home in Tirana, the capital. At this time there were 168 homes running in India.
Regardless of the appeal of this saintly work, all analysts mentioned that Mother Teresa herself was the most important factor for the growth of her order and the fame that came to it. Unlike numerous “social critics,” she did not find it needed to attack the economic or political structures of the cultures that were producing the extremely bad individuals she was serving. For her, the main guideline was a constant love, and when social critics or spiritual reformers (improvers) selected to show anger at the evils of structures underlying hardship and suffering, that was in between them and God.
In the 1980s and 1990s Mother Teresa’s health issue became a concern. She suffered a heart attack while checking out Pope John Paul II (1920–) in 1983. She had a near fatal cardiovascular disease in 1989 and started wearing a pacemaker, a device that controls the heart beat.
In March 1997, after a 8 week selection process, sixty-three-year-old Sister Nirmala was called as the new leader of the Missionaries of Charity. Although Mother Teresa had actually been attempting to cut back on her tasks for a long time because of her health, she remained on in an advisory function to Sister Nirmala.
Mother Teresa commemorated her eighty-seventh birthday in August, and passed away shortly afterwards of a cardiovascular disease on September 5, 1997. The world grieved her loss and one mourner kept in mind, “It was Mother herself who poor people respected. When they bury her, we will have lost something that can not be replaced.”
Legacy of Mother Teresa
In appearance Mother Teresa was both energetic and tiny. Her face was quite old and wrinkly, however her dark eyes commanded attention, radiating an energy and intelligence that shone without expressing uneasiness or impatience. Conservatives within the Catholic Church often utilized her as a symbol of standard religious worths that they felt were lacking in their churches. By many accounts she was a saint for the times, and a number of nearly adoring books and posts started to canonize (declare a saint) her in the 1980s and well into the 1990s. She herself tried to deflect all attention away from what she did to either the works of her group or to the God who was her motivation.
The Missionaries of Charity, who had brothers along with sisters by the mid-1980s, are assisted by the constitution Mother Teresa wrote for them. They have their vivid memo ries of the love for the poor that developed the phenomenon of Mother Teresa in the first place. The last part of her story will be the enduring effect her memory has on the next generations of missionaries, in addition to on the world as a whole.