Quit India Movement Day is celebrated on 8 August every year. Quit India Movement Day 2020 was an important movement in the freedom struggle where masses participated. Quit India Movement 2020 marks the 78th anniversary of the Quit India Movement. The day is celebrated as August Kranti Din every year. The day is celebrated as it is one of the essential milestones in the history of the liberty struggle of India.
What is Quit India Movement?
Quit India Movement or the August Movement or August Revolution was launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942 throughout The Second World War. Mahatma Gandhi called to end British rule in India. The movement was released after the failure of the Cripps Mission. After this, Gandhiji provided the call “Die or do”‘ in his speech provided at the Gowalia Tank Maidan. The speech is now commonly known as August Kranti Maidan.
The All-India Congress Committee introduced the mass demonstration demanding “An Orderly British Withdrawal” from India. The resolution stated the instant ending of the British rule in India was an immediate necessity for the sake of India and for the success of the cause of flexibility and democracy for which the nations of the United Nations were fighting versus fascist Germany, Italy, and Japan. The resolution was aimed at the withdrawal of British power from India.
Aftermath of Quit India Movement:
The protest was held from 9 August 1942 to 21 September 1942. Gandhiji was sent to prison at Aga Khan Palace, Pune, and many leaders were jailed. It was that time, brand-new leaders like Aruna Asaf Ali emerged out as leaders. The British federal government declared the Indian National Congress (INC) to be an unlawful association. More than 1,00,000 individuals were arrested and the federal government resorted to violence in order to squash the agitation.
Later in 1944, Gandhiji was launched on health premises. The first half of the Quit India movement was tranquil with presentations and processions but the other half was violent with raids and setting fire at post offices, government structures, and railway stations. Quit India campaign was crushed in 1944 as the British refused to grant immediate self-reliance. British cited that immediate self-reliance might occur just after World War II had actually ended.
What is the significance of Quit India Movement?
Quit India Movement was carried forward without the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi as he and the other leaders were arrested. All areas of individuals, regardless of caste, creed & faith, took part in big numbers. The prime significance of the movement is the decentralized command. After this movement, the British began to seriously think of the issue of Indian self-reliance after seeing the upsurge amongst the masses. The Movement changed the nature of political negotiations with the British empire in the 1940s which ultimately led the way of India’s independence.
The motto of ‘Do or Die,’ which was utilized in the Quit India Movement, stays the most Krantikari slogan to this day. Quit India Movement is a sign of political betrayal. Muslim League, Rashtriya Swayam Sewak Sangh (RSS), Hindu Mahasabha, and even the undivided Communist party opposed Gandhi and his call for complete civil disobedience.
How is the Quit India Movement observed?
Quit India Movement Day is celebrated to mark the movement which enhanced the liberty struggle in India. On this day, the leaders celebrated the freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives for the liberty of the nation. The day is observed by:
- Leaders of the nation and individuals take a pledge to honestly work for the development of the nation
- Considerate tribute is paid to all the martyrs and those who suffered untold sufferings during the liberty battle in the nation.
- On this day, lots of events are arranged in the nation.
- Blood contribution camps are arranged on this day