World Suicide Prevention Day is observe on 10th September to increase awareness about suicide.
What is the History of World Suicide Prevention Day?
The topic of suicide and the actions that can be take to prevent these tragedies on a worldwide scale. In 2003, the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP), World Health Organisation (WHO) and the World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH) together organize the first World Suicide Prevention Day. Since then, many countries worldwide have join with them in this venture. In 2011, around 40 countries held awareness events to observe this occasion.
What is the Aim of World Suicide Prevention Day?
World Suicide Prevention Day is observed on 10th September Annually to develop awareness and promote world wide activity to prevent deaths due to suicide. It’s purpose to prevent deaths due to suicide
WHO – Suicide Information Report
According to the suicide information collect by the WHO, near 800,00 people die annually, due to suicide. Adding up to 1 death every 40 seconds and that is not taking into account the 20 million suicide attempts. But, reducing these tragedies right into statistics does not mean that there are set causes or stereotypes that can be apply to it.
What are the Reasons People Attempt Suicide
Suicide Cause: Facts about Suicide
There are several convergences that lead to suicide. Often it is a mix of genetic, psychological, social, other and cultural threat factors. Additionally integrated with the experience of loss as well as trauma, that can wreak havoc in people’s lives. Not the ones that take their own lives yet of those around them also.
Regardless of the instant cause or trigger that brings about suicide. Neglecting all the factors that play a role would be misrepresentation of the suffering of so many people. Each of these heterogeneous person present a broad range of multifaceted causal effects that precede the last act. And it is often this diversification that presents the most significant challenge in the prevention of suicide.
The observation of World Suicide Prevention Day highlight the raising of natural and multilevel approach. Each person can function in the direction of suicide prevention. Also the smallest members of society can play role, with initiating discussion, educating others about the causes and warning signs of suicide. Most even the easiest gestures of compassion can help save a life.
The ongoing pandemic has create a global environment that is harmful for mental health. with the recession of the economy. Isolation, that come with months of social distancing and large stress of suffering through life. While persons across the world are suffering through a dangerous virus. These situations all over the world, most crucial time to concentrate on suicide prevention.
World Suicide Prevention Day Theme 2020
The theme of Suicide Prevention Day:
Every year, a different theme is opted for World Suicide Prevention Day. The aims of the theme is to focus on a specific factor of suicide. World Suicide Prevention Day Theme for 2020 is “working together to prevent suicide”. It also similar theme of World Suicide Prevention Day 2019. This theme intends to make suicide prevention much more effective around the world.
Theme of 2003 was “suicide can be prevented”.
Theme of 2012 was “suicide prevention across the globe: strengthening protective factors and instilling hope”.
Theme of 2016 theme was “connect, communicate, care”.
These themes each year concentrate on a specific aspect to strengthen it.
How to Observe World Suicide Prevention Day during COVID 19?
Social media is there so we can use it for World Suicide Prevention Day 2020. You can discuss about suicide prevention on your social media account using #WorldSuicidePreventionDay.
Suicide Prevention Helplines, counselling centers
Suicide Prevention Helplines in India
While there is no national distress helpline in India since yet, there are several organisations across the country that are committed to the reason for mental health. They run counselling solutions and suicide helplines for anyone in danger of committing suicide:
1. Contact No. 3592- 221152 is installed at Police Control Room, Gangtok, Sikkim
2. Vandrevala Foundation Helpline
Tel (India): 1 860 266 2345 (24×7)
1800 2333 330
Email: [email protected]
3. iCall, Mumbai: +91 22 2556 3291
Monday to Saturday, from 8 am to 10 pm
Email: [email protected]
7. Arpita Foundation
10 am to 1 pm | Monday to Saturday
2 pm to 5 pm
8. Roshni Trust
11 am to 9 pm | Monday to Saturday
Email – [email protected]
9. NGO SPACE for transgender community: Tele-counselling helpline: 1800111015
10. Bombay Municipal Corporation’s helpline: 022-24131212 managed by KEM Hospital’s psychiatric department.
11. ‘KIRAN’ helpline -1800-599-0019 has launched by Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
Strategies to prevent suicides
To ensure suicides are manage as well as so minimized we need to adhere to the following:-.
We need to reach people who don’t seek help, and hence, don’t get treatment when they want it.
We must develop and apply awareness campaigns. Purpose of campaign raising awareness of suicidal behaviors in the community.
We require to target our efforts to reduce risk factors. Not only reduce risk factors but also to enhance protective element. Especially in childhood, teens and the elderly.
We need to train health care professionals to much better understand evidence-based risk. Also protective factors associated with suicidal behavior.
As a clinical psychologist, through practice, experience and also research study; we know several evidence indicating that COVID-19 pandemic has profound psychological, financial and social effects. These follows up may continue for months and years to come. The last six months of this pandemic are already connect with distress, anxiety and fear of isolation. And also connected with depression, insomnia, acute stress disorder and imminent trauma among the standard population and healthcare experts.
Social isolation, uncertainty, chronic stress, fatigue, pain, hopelessness, threat for infection, burn-out among front line workers, general fear of death, pay cut, loss of job & financial difficulties have caused the development or exacerbation of pre-existing psychological disorders and also made most of us vulnerable. Stress-related problems consisting of state of mind & substance use disorders, domestic violence are link with suicidal behaviors.
The COVID-19 survivors are also at increased suicide threat. Consequently, the threat for suicide has globally peaked. It is imperative to work with decreasing stress, anxiety, loneliness and aimlessness as a whole population.