World Mosquito Day is celebrated every year on 20 August. The day is celebrated in memory of the British physician, Sir Ronald Ross. Sir Ronald Ross discovered in 1897 that ‘a female mosquito is responsible for the transmission of malaria in humans’. The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine started celebrating World Mosquito Day in the year 1930.
Mosquito is the world’s deadliest insect
Mosquitoes are one of the world’s most deadly insects. It has the ability to transmit and transmit diseases within humans. Millions of people die every year worldwide due to the World Mosquito Day.
Different mosquitoes spread different diseases
There are many types of mosquitoes, which can be the conductors of many types of diseases. Aedes, Anopheles, Culex mosquitoes (living organisms that can transmit infectious diseases from humans or insects to humans) act as a medium for the following diseases.
Chikungunya, dengue fever, lymphatic filariasis, rift valley fever, yellow fever (yellow fever), zika.
Malaria, lymphatic filariasis (in Africa).
Japanese encephalitis, lymphatic filariasis, West Nile fever.
It is also important to know
- Female Anopheles culicifacis is the major disease carrier of malaria, which usually bites humans as well as cattle.
- Anopheles (malaria agents) breeding in slow streams along rainwater and gathered water (puddle), pits, low water river, irrigation channels (channels), seepage, paddy fields, wells, pond banks, sandy shores is.
- Anopheles mosquito bites most between evening and morning.
- Female Aedes aegypt transmit dengue, chikungunya, zika and yellow fever in humans.
- The World Mosquito Day bites most of the day and the peak time of the bite is during evening or morning before dusk.
- Aedes aegypti mosquitoes breed in any type of man-made containers or storage containers containing small amounts of water.
- Eggs of Aedes aegypti can survive without water for more than a year. The Aedes aegypt usually flies at an average of four hundred meters, but it accidentally transfers from one place to another through humans.
- Female mosquitoes require only a blood diet and animal bites, while male mosquitoes do not bite, but they eat the blossoms or other suitable sugars.
This is how to prevent mosquitoes
- Keep the utensils and buckets in which the water is stored in reverse.
- Wear full-sleeved clothes during the monsoon season.
- Empty pots of the house should be kept clean. In the rains, the pots often get filled with water, keep them empty.
- Use mosquito nets during the rainy season.
- If there is a cooler in the house, clean it and do not let the water freeze.
- Anti-mosquitoes may use coils or other means.
- If you feel tired and weak with high fever, chills, contact your doctor immediately.